244 resultados para palmoplantar psoriasis


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BackgroundPalmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) discloses some differences compared to vulgar psoriasis (PV) in terms of age of onset, female predominance and low occurrence of psoriasis lesions elsewhere. Cigarette smoking has been associated to PPP in international studies; nevertheless, these studies were never performed among Brazilian.ObjectivesTo compare prevalence of smoking among PPP, PV and other dermatologic patients (NPD).MethodsCase-control study involving 25 PPP patients from a reference psoriasis centre. Two control groups were matched according to gender and age: 50 patients with PV and 50 NPD. Confounders were adjusted by conditional multiple logistic regression.ResultsAmong cases, 84.0% were female and PPP age of disease onset (41.4 years) was greater than PV (34.5 years). Prevalence of ever smoking was higher among cases (92.0%) than PV (52.0%) and NPD (30.0%). Adjusted odds ratio of PPP ever smoking compared to PV and NPD was 9.5 and 36.2, respectively. All smokers reported the onset of their habit before the development of PPP.ConclusionsThere was significant association between PPP and smoking. However, the impact of giving it up in the clinical course of the disease remains to be established.

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Introducción. Según la Organización Mundial de la Salud, el tabaquismo es la principal etiología de la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) y la primera causa prevenible de muerte. En Colombia, este factor se encuentra entre los más prevalentes de morbimortalidad. Dentro de las complicaciones poco estudiadas están las lesiones cutáneas, que no sólo afectan la estética, sino que también aumentan la morbilidad de los pacientes y los costos de atención. Objetivo. Evaluar la asociación entre las manifestaciones cutáneas y el tabaquismo en pacientes con la EPOC en el Hospital Universitario Mayor Méderi, Bogotá en el año 2017-2018. Metodología. Estudio observacional, transversal analítico. Se calculó un tamaño de muestra (n=211) para una prevalencia con población conocida de 7.851 pacientes en Hospital Universitario Mayor Méderi con diagnóstico de EPOC para 2017. Se aplicó una encuesta y examen físico según el protocolo y se realizó un análisis univariado, bivariado y regresión logística binaria para evaluar la presencia de lesiones. Resultados. La prevalencia de lesiones en hombres fue de 13,3% y mujeres 5,2%. La lesión más frecuente fue Favre-Racouchot 13,8% en hombres y mujeres 5,7%. La cronicidad en el consumo de cigarrillo presentó una asociación estadísticamente significativa (p=0,0001) con la presencia de lesiones. Discusión. Las lesiones encontradas muestran relación con el consumo pesado en el tiempo con prevalencia menor a la evidenciada en la literatura dado probablemente al menor consumo de cigarrillo sin filtro en la actualidad.

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Although therapy with tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors (anti-TNF) provides beneficial effects in different immune inflammatory disorders, paradoxical cases of anti-THE-induced psoriasis have increasingly been reported, mostly in the setting of rheumatologic diseases. To date, less than 50 cases of infliximab-induced psoriasis in inflammatory bowel disease patients have been described. The present report was aimed at describing two new cases of infliximab-induced psoriasis during therapy for Crohn's disease and at carrying out a review on this intriguing phenomenon. (C) 2011 European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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To gain further insight into the genetic architecture of psoriasis, we conducted a meta-analysis of 3 genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and 2 independent data sets genotyped on the Immunochip, including 10,588 cases and 22,806 controls. We identified 15 new susceptibility loci, increasing to 36 the number associated with psoriasis in European individuals. We also identified, using conditional analyses, five independent signals within previously known loci. The newly identified loci shared with other autoimmune diseases include candidate genes with roles in regulating T-cell function (such as RUNX3, TAGAP and STAT3). Notably, they included candidate genes whose products are involved in innate host defense, including interferon-mediated antiviral responses (DDX58), macrophage activation (ZC3H12C) and nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling (CARD14 and CARM1). These results portend a better understanding of shared and distinctive genetic determinants of immune-mediated inflammatory disorders and emphasize the importance of the skin in innate and acquired host defense. © 2012 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.

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To identify new susceptibility loci for psoriasis, we undertOk a genome-wide asociation study of 594,224 SNPs in 2,622 individuals with psoriasis and 5,667 controls. We identified asociations at eight previously unreported genomic loci. Seven loci harbored genes with recognized iMune functions (IL28RA, REL, IFIH1, ERAP1, TRAF3IP2, NFKBIA and TYK2). These asociations were replicated in 9,079 European samples (six loci with a combined P < 5-10 -8 and two loci with a combined P < 5-10-7). We also report compeLing evidence for an interaction betwEn the HLA-C and ERAP1 loci (combined P = 6.95-10-6). ERAP1 plays an important role in MHC claS I peptide proceSing. ERAP1 variants only influenced psoriasis susceptibility in individuals carrying the HLA-C risk aLele. Our findings implicate pathways that integrate epidermal barrier dysfunction with iNate and adaptive iMune dysregulation in psoriasis pathogenesis.

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Psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis are common conditions for which treatment options have until recently been extremely limited. Recent advances in our understanding of the immunology and genetics underlying these conditions have been rapid, and have contributed to the development of new therapies for these diseases. This article discusses the current state of the art in our understanding of the aetiopathogenesis of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis, and current therapies for the diseases.

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Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease characterized by abnormal keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation, neoangiogenesis and inflammation. Its etiology is multifactorial, as both the environmental and genetic factors have an important role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. The exact disease mechanism behind psoriasis still remains unknown. The most important genetic susceptibility region for psoriasis has been located to PSORS1 locus in chromosome 6. The area includes multiply good candidate genes but the strong linkage disequilibrium between them has made genetic studies difficult. One of the candidate genes in PSORS1 is CCHCR1, which has a psoriasis-associated gene form CCHCR1*WWCC. The aim of the study was to elucidate the function of CCHCR1 and its potential role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. In this study, transgenic mice expressing either the healthy or psoriasis-associated gene form of CCHCR1 were engineered and characterized. Mice were phenotypically normal but their gene expression profiles revealed many similarities to that observed in human psoriatic skin. In addition, the psoriasis-associated gene form had specific impacts on the expression of many genes relevant to the pathogenesis of psoriasis. We also challenged the skin of CCHCR1 transgenic mice with wounding or 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). The experiments revealed that CCHCR1 impacts on keratinocyte proliferation by limiting it. In addition, we demonstrated that CCHCR1 has a role in steroidogenesis and showed that both CCHCR1 forms promote synthesis of steroids. Also many agents relevant either for steroidogenesis or cell proliferation were shown to regulate the expression level of CCHCR1. The present study showed that CCHCR1 has functional properties relevant in the context of psoriasis. Firstly, CCHCR1 affects proliferation of keratinocytes as it may function as a negative regulator of keratinocyte proliferation. Secondly, CCHCR1 also has a role in steroidogenesis, a function relevant both in the pathogenesis of psoriasis and regulation of cell proliferation. This study suggests that aberrant function of CCHCR1 may lead to abnormal keratinocyte proliferation which is a key feature of psoriatic epidermis.

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The possible carcinogenic risk of immunosuppressive therapies is an important issue in everyday clinical practise. Carcinogenesis is a slow multi step procedure, thus a long latency period is needed before cancer develops. PUVA therapy is used for many skin diseases including psoriasis, early stage cutaneous T cell lymphoma, atopic dermatitis, palmoplantar pustulosis and chronic eczema. There has been concern about the increased melanoma risk associated to PUVA therapy, which has previously been associated with an increased risk on non-melanoma skin cancer, especially squamous cell carcinoma. The increased risk of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is also documented but it is modest compared to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). This thesis evaluated melanoma and noncutaneous cancer risk associated to PUVA, and the persistence of nonmelanoma cancer risk after the cessation of PUVA treatment. Also, the influence of photochemotherapy to the development of secondary cancers in cutaneous T cell lymphoma and the role of short term cyclosporine in later cancer development in inflammatory skin diseases were evaluated. The first three studies were performed on psoriasis patients. The risk of melanoma started to increase 15 years after the first treatment with PUVA. The risk was highest among persons who had received over 250 treatments compared to those under 250 treatments. In noncutaneous cancer, the overall risk was not increased (RR=1.08,95% CI=0.93-1.24), but significant increases in risk were found in thyroid cancer, breast cancer and in central nervous system neoplasms. These cancers were not associated to PUVA. The increased risk of SCC was associated to high cumulative UVA exposure in the PUVA regimen. The patients with high risk had no substantial exposure to other carcinogens. In BCC there was a similar but more modest tendency. In the two other studies, the risk of all secondary cancers (SIR) in CTCL patients was 1.4 (95% CI=1.0-1.9). In separate sites, the risk of lung cancer, Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphomas were increased. PUVA seemed not to contribute to any extent to the appearance of these cancers. The carcinogenity of short-term cyclosporine was evaluated in inflammatory skin diseases. No increased risk for any type of cancer including the skin cancers was detected. To conclude, our studies confirm the increased skin cancer risk related to PUVA treatment in psoriasis patients. In clinical practice, this has led to a close and permanent follow-up of patients treated with PUVA. In CTCL patients, PUVA treatment did not contribute to the development of secondary cancers. We could not detect any increase in the risk of cancer in patients treated with short term cyclosporine, unlike in organ transplant patients under such long-term therapy.

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Resumen: La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo evaluar la percepción de la calidad de vida en aquellos adultos con diagnóstico de psoriasis de la ciudad de Paraná y conocer diferencias según sexo. El diseño de investigación fue de tipo descriptivo – correlacional, transversal y de campo; el muestreo fue intencional no probabilístico. Con una muestra compuesta por 36 sujetos de ambos sexo, de 18 a 65 años. Los instrumentos que se aplicaron fueron el World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionaire (WHOQOL-100), en su versión Argentina (Bonicatto y Soria, 1998), junto con dos cuestionarios ad hoc, uno sociodemográfico y otro para explorar la imagen corporal. El procesamiento de la información obtenida a través del WHOQOL-100 se realizó mediante el programa Stadistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 21. Mientras que los ítems del cuestionario ad hoc de imagen corporal fueron evaluados cualitativamente de manera individual, las respuestas fueron agrupadas por categorías y luego se obtuvieron las frecuencias, porcentajes y análisis de contenido. Se observó que los adultos con diagnóstico de psoriasis de la ciudad de Paraná presentaron en general, una buena calidad de vida. Se determinó que existen diferencias según sexo, las mujeres obtuvieron mayores puntajes en los dominios Relaciones Sociales y Espiritualidad, como también en las facetas de sentimientos positivos, relaciones personales, seguridad física y espiritualidad. Por último, se observó que la imagen corporal se vio afectada por dicha enfermedad en la muestra estudiada