234 resultados para Psoriasis


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To gain further insight into the genetic architecture of psoriasis, we conducted a meta-analysis of 3 genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and 2 independent data sets genotyped on the Immunochip, including 10,588 cases and 22,806 controls. We identified 15 new susceptibility loci, increasing to 36 the number associated with psoriasis in European individuals. We also identified, using conditional analyses, five independent signals within previously known loci. The newly identified loci shared with other autoimmune diseases include candidate genes with roles in regulating T-cell function (such as RUNX3, TAGAP and STAT3). Notably, they included candidate genes whose products are involved in innate host defense, including interferon-mediated antiviral responses (DDX58), macrophage activation (ZC3H12C) and nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling (CARD14 and CARM1). These results portend a better understanding of shared and distinctive genetic determinants of immune-mediated inflammatory disorders and emphasize the importance of the skin in innate and acquired host defense. © 2012 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved.

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To identify new susceptibility loci for psoriasis, we undertOk a genome-wide asociation study of 594,224 SNPs in 2,622 individuals with psoriasis and 5,667 controls. We identified asociations at eight previously unreported genomic loci. Seven loci harbored genes with recognized iMune functions (IL28RA, REL, IFIH1, ERAP1, TRAF3IP2, NFKBIA and TYK2). These asociations were replicated in 9,079 European samples (six loci with a combined P < 5-10 -8 and two loci with a combined P < 5-10-7). We also report compeLing evidence for an interaction betwEn the HLA-C and ERAP1 loci (combined P = 6.95-10-6). ERAP1 plays an important role in MHC claS I peptide proceSing. ERAP1 variants only influenced psoriasis susceptibility in individuals carrying the HLA-C risk aLele. Our findings implicate pathways that integrate epidermal barrier dysfunction with iNate and adaptive iMune dysregulation in psoriasis pathogenesis.

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Psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis are common conditions for which treatment options have until recently been extremely limited. Recent advances in our understanding of the immunology and genetics underlying these conditions have been rapid, and have contributed to the development of new therapies for these diseases. This article discusses the current state of the art in our understanding of the aetiopathogenesis of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis, and current therapies for the diseases.

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Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease characterized by abnormal keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation, neoangiogenesis and inflammation. Its etiology is multifactorial, as both the environmental and genetic factors have an important role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. The exact disease mechanism behind psoriasis still remains unknown. The most important genetic susceptibility region for psoriasis has been located to PSORS1 locus in chromosome 6. The area includes multiply good candidate genes but the strong linkage disequilibrium between them has made genetic studies difficult. One of the candidate genes in PSORS1 is CCHCR1, which has a psoriasis-associated gene form CCHCR1*WWCC. The aim of the study was to elucidate the function of CCHCR1 and its potential role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. In this study, transgenic mice expressing either the healthy or psoriasis-associated gene form of CCHCR1 were engineered and characterized. Mice were phenotypically normal but their gene expression profiles revealed many similarities to that observed in human psoriatic skin. In addition, the psoriasis-associated gene form had specific impacts on the expression of many genes relevant to the pathogenesis of psoriasis. We also challenged the skin of CCHCR1 transgenic mice with wounding or 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). The experiments revealed that CCHCR1 impacts on keratinocyte proliferation by limiting it. In addition, we demonstrated that CCHCR1 has a role in steroidogenesis and showed that both CCHCR1 forms promote synthesis of steroids. Also many agents relevant either for steroidogenesis or cell proliferation were shown to regulate the expression level of CCHCR1. The present study showed that CCHCR1 has functional properties relevant in the context of psoriasis. Firstly, CCHCR1 affects proliferation of keratinocytes as it may function as a negative regulator of keratinocyte proliferation. Secondly, CCHCR1 also has a role in steroidogenesis, a function relevant both in the pathogenesis of psoriasis and regulation of cell proliferation. This study suggests that aberrant function of CCHCR1 may lead to abnormal keratinocyte proliferation which is a key feature of psoriatic epidermis.

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Resumen: La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo evaluar la percepción de la calidad de vida en aquellos adultos con diagnóstico de psoriasis de la ciudad de Paraná y conocer diferencias según sexo. El diseño de investigación fue de tipo descriptivo – correlacional, transversal y de campo; el muestreo fue intencional no probabilístico. Con una muestra compuesta por 36 sujetos de ambos sexo, de 18 a 65 años. Los instrumentos que se aplicaron fueron el World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionaire (WHOQOL-100), en su versión Argentina (Bonicatto y Soria, 1998), junto con dos cuestionarios ad hoc, uno sociodemográfico y otro para explorar la imagen corporal. El procesamiento de la información obtenida a través del WHOQOL-100 se realizó mediante el programa Stadistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 21. Mientras que los ítems del cuestionario ad hoc de imagen corporal fueron evaluados cualitativamente de manera individual, las respuestas fueron agrupadas por categorías y luego se obtuvieron las frecuencias, porcentajes y análisis de contenido. Se observó que los adultos con diagnóstico de psoriasis de la ciudad de Paraná presentaron en general, una buena calidad de vida. Se determinó que existen diferencias según sexo, las mujeres obtuvieron mayores puntajes en los dominios Relaciones Sociales y Espiritualidad, como también en las facetas de sentimientos positivos, relaciones personales, seguridad física y espiritualidad. Por último, se observó que la imagen corporal se vio afectada por dicha enfermedad en la muestra estudiada

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Antigliadin antibodies (AGA) have been reported in patients with psoriasis.

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Identifying differential expression of genes in psoriatic and healthy skin by microarray data analysis is a key approach to understand the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Analysis of more than one dataset to identify genes commonly upregulated reduces the likelihood of false positives and narrows down the possible signature genes. Genes controlling the critical balance between T helper 17 and regulatory T cells are of special interest in psoriasis. Our objectives were to identify genes that are consistently upregulated in lesional skin from three published microarray datasets. We carried out a reanalysis of gene expression data extracted from three experiments on samples from psoriatic and nonlesional skin using the same stringency threshold and software and further compared the expression levels of 92 genes related to the T helper 17 and regulatory T cell signaling pathways. We found 73 probe sets representing 57 genes commonly upregulated in lesional skin from all datasets. These included 26 probe sets representing 20 genes that have no previous link to the etiopathogenesis of psoriasis. These genes may represent novel therapeutic targets and surely need more rigorous experimental testing to be validated. Our analysis also identified 12 of 92 genes known to be related to the T helper 17 and regulatory T cell signaling pathways, and these were found to be differentially expressed in the lesional skin samples.

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A course of treatment with narrow-band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) improves psoriasis and increases serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). In this study 12 patients with psoriasis who were supplemented with oral cholecalciferol, 20 µg daily, were given a course of NB-UVB and their response measured. At baseline, serum 25(OH)D was 74.14 ± 22.9 nmol/l. At the 9th exposure to NB-UVB 25(OH)D had increased by 13.2 nmol/l (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 7.2–18.4) and at the 18th exposure by 49.4 nmol/l (95% CI 35.9–64.6) above baseline. Psoriasis Area Severity Index score improved from 8.7 ± 3.5 to 4.5 ± 2.0 (p < 0.001). At baseline, psoriasis lesions showed low vitamin D metabolizing enzyme (CYP27A1, CYP27B1) and high human β-defensin-2 mRNA expression levels compared with those of the healthy subjects. In conclusion, NB-UVB treatment significantly increases serum 25(OH)D in patients with psoriasis who are taking oral vitamin D supplementation, and the concentrations remain far from the toxicity level. Healing psoriasis lesions show similar mRNA expression of vitamin D metabolizing enzymes, but higher antimicrobial peptide levels than NB-UVB-treated skin in healthy subjects.

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Epidermal keratinocytes produce and secrete antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) that subsequently form a chemical shield on the skin surface. Cathelicidins are one family of AMPs in skin with various further immune functions. Consequently, dysfunction of these peptides has been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory skin disease. In particular, the cathelicidin LL-37 is overexpressed in inflamed skin in psoriasis, binds to extracellular self-DNA released from dying cells and converts self-DNA in a potent stimulus for plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). Subsequently, pDCs secrete type I interferons and trigger an auto-inflammatory cascade. Paradoxically, therapies targeting the vitamin D pathway such as vitamin D analogues or UVB phototherapy ameliorate cutaneous inflammation in psoriasis but strongly induce cathelicidin expression in skin at the same time. Current evidence now suggests that self-DNA present in the cytosol of keratinocytes is also pro-inflammatory active and triggers IL-1β secretion in psoriatic lesions through the AIM2 inflammasome. This time, however, binding of LL-37 to self-DNA neutralizes DNA-mediated inflammation. Hence, cathelicidin LL-37 shows contrasting roles in skin inflammation in psoriasis and might serve as a target for novel therapies for this chronic skin disease.

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Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are strongly expressed in lesional skin in psoriasis and play an important role as proinflammatory "alarmins" in this chronic skin disease. Vitamin D analogs like calcipotriol have antipsoriatic effects and might mediate this effect by changing AMP expression. In this study, keratinocytes in lesional psoriatic plaques showed decreased expression of the AMPs beta-defensin (HBD) 2 and HBD3 after topical treatment with calcipotriol. At the same time, calcipotriol normalized the proinflammatory cytokine milieu and decreased interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-17F and IL-8 transcript abundance in lesional psoriatic skin. In contrast, cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide expression was increased by calcipotriol while psoriasin expression remained unchanged. In cultured human epidermal keratinocytes the effect of different vitamin D analogs on the expression of AMPs was further analyzed. All vitamin D analogs tested blocked IL-17A induced HBD2 expression by increasing IkappaB-alpha protein and inhibition of NF-kappaB signaling. At the same time vitamin D analogs induced cathelicidin through activation of the vitamin D receptor and MEK/ERK signaling. These studies suggest that vitamin D analogs differentially alter AMP expression in lesional psoriatic skin and cultured keratinocytes. Balancing AMP "alarmin" expression might be a novel goal in treatment of chronic inflammatory skin diseases.