234 resultados para PSORIASIS


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BACKGROUND: Nail involvement is known as a common finding in psoriatic patients and represents a significant impact on patients' quality of life. The treatment of nail psoriasis is often challenging, and there is a need for new therapeutic options. Biologicals effective in the treatment of moderate to severe chronic plaque psoriasis may represent a new therapeutic modality for this disease. Adalimumab is a fully human IgG1 monoclonal antibody that binds to tumor necrosis factor alpha with high affinity and specificity. OBSERVATIONS: We report two cases of rapid improvement in nail psoriasis under adalimumab monotherapy with maintained effectiveness despite intermittent treatment as well as long remission after therapy discontinuation. CONCLUSION: The marked improvement of our two cases indicates that adalimumab may also help ameliorate nail psoriasis and warrants further controlled studies to establish the effectiveness and therapeutic regimes.

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BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated skin disease, in which interleukins 12 and 23 have been postulated to play a critical role. However, the cellular source of these cytokines in psoriatic lesions are still poorly defined and their relative contribution in inducing skin inflammation has been discussed controversially. OBJECTIVES: To investigate immunoreactivity of the bioactive forms of IL-12 and IL-23 in plaque psoriasis and to characterize the dendritic cell (DC) and macrophage subsets responsible for the production of these cytokines. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was performed on normal skin (n=11) as well as non-lesional (n=11) and lesional (n=11) skin of patients with plaque psoriasis using monoclonal antibodies targeting the bioactive forms of IL-12 (IL-12p70) and IL-23 (IL-23p19/p40) on serial cryostat sections using the alkaline phosphatase-antialkaline phosphatase. Co-localization of IL-12 and IL-23 with different dendritic cells and macrophage cell markers (CD1a, CD11c, CD14, CD32, CD68, CD163, CD208/DC-LAMP) was performed using double immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: Immunoreactivity for IL-12 and IL-23 was significantly enhanced in lesional psoriatic skin as compared to non-lesional and normal skin. No difference was observed between IL-12 and IL-23 immunoreactivity in any skin types. Both IL-12 and IL-23 immunoreactivity was readily detected mainly in CD11c+, CD14+, CD32+, CD68+ and some CD163+, DC-LAMP+ cells. IL-12 and occasionally IL-23 were also found in some CD1a+ dendritic cells. In addition, an enhanced expression mainly of IL-23 was observed in keratinocytes. CONCLUSIONS: Bioactive forms of IL-12 and IL-23 are highly expressed in various DC and macrophage subsets and their marked in situ production suggest that both cytokines have crucial pathogenic role in psoriasis.

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A female patient with sternocostoclavicular hyperostosis has been followed for 14 years. The case merits special attention because of its association with psoriasis and with an episode of systemic vasculitis. Although patients with sternocostoclavicular hyperostosis usually lack the tissue type antigen HLA-B27, there are grounds for suspicion that the disease is related to the group of seronegative spondylo-arthritides.

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Recent reports indicate that cytotoxic T cells are critically involved in contact hypersensitivity reactions in animals. In this study we sought to investigate the in vivo expression of cytotoxic granule proteins in the elicitation phase of allergic contact dermatitis in humans. Skin biopsy specimens were obtained from patients with allergic contact dermatitis (n = 8) and psoriasis (n = 6) and from controls with normal skin (n = 6). Expression of perforin and granzyme B was investigated by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. In contrast to normal skin and psoriasis, a significant enhancement of perforin and granzyme B gene expression and immunoreactivity was observed in the mononuclear cell infiltrate of allergic contact dermatitis. Immunoreactivity for perforin and granzyme B was mainly found in the cytoplasm of lymphocytic cells, which were located in the dense perivascular infiltrate as well as at sites of marked spongiosis in the epidermis. Double immunostaining revealed that both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells are capable of expressing perforin and granzyme B. In conclusion, our data suggest that T-cell-mediated mechanisms involving cytotoxic granule proteins may elicit epidermal cell injury in vivo and thereby strongly contribute to the development of allergic contact dermatitis in humans.

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BACKGROUND Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and co-morbidities of psoriasis represent a significant clinical and economic burden for patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. Often these co-morbidities may go unrecognized or undertreated. While published data are available on the incidence and impact of some of them, practical guidance for dermatologists on detection and management of these co-morbidities is lacking. OBJECTIVE To prepare expert recommendations to improve the detection and management of common co-morbidities in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. METHODS A systematic literature review was conducted on some common co-morbidities of psoriasis-cardiovascular (CV) diseases (including obesity, hypertension, hyperglycaemia and dyslipidaemia), psychological co-morbidities (including depression, alcohol abuse and smoking) and PsA-to establish the incidence and impact of each. Data gaps were identified and a Delphi survey was carried out to obtain consensus on the detection and management of each co-morbidity. The expert panel members for the Delphi survey comprised 10 dermatologists with substantial clinical expertise in managing moderate-to-severe psoriasis patients, as well as a cardiologist and a psychologist (see appendix) with an interest in dermatology. Agreement was defined using a Likert scale of 1-7. Consensus regarding agreement for each statement was defined as ≥75% of respondents scoring either 1 (strongly agree) or 2 (agree). RESULTS The expert panel members addressed several topics including screening, intervention, monitoring frequency, and the effects of anti-psoriatic treatment on each co-morbidity. Consensus was achieved on 12 statements out of 22 (3 relating to PsA, 4 relating to psychological factors, 5 relating to CV factors). The panel members felt that dermatologists have an important role in screening their psoriasis patients for PsA and in assessing them for psychological and CV co-morbidities. In most cases, however, patients should be referred for specialist management if other co-morbidities are detected. CONCLUSION This article provides useful and practical guidance for the detection and management of common co-morbidities in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis.

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Tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors may induce various cutaneous side effects including eczematous-like lesions. The management of such side effects can be challenging. Herein, we report a case of a 55-year-old man who had a flare-up and subsequent improvement of atopic dermatitis during treatment of severe psoriasis with adalimumab.

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Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) and generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) are rare pustular skin disorders with systemic involvement. IL-17A/F is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in various neutrophilic inflammatory disorders. Here we show that IL-17A/F is highly expressed by innate immune cells such as neutrophils and mast cells in both AGEP and GPP.

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BACKGROUND Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease and various stress factors mediate inflammation. Heat shock protein (HSP) 90 plays an important role in cell survival; cytokine signaling, such as interleukin-17 receptor signaling; and immune responses. OBJECTIVE We sought to elucidate protein expression and distribution of HSP90 in psoriasis. METHODS HSP90 expression and its cellular source were analyzed on normal-appearing, nonlesional, lesional, and ustekinumab-treated psoriatic skin using immunohistochemistry and double immunofluorescence. RESULTS HSP90α, the inducible isoform of HSP90, was significantly up-regulated in epidermal keratinocytes and mast cells of lesional skin and down-regulated after ustekinumab therapy. LIMITATIONS There was a limited sample size. CONCLUSIONS HSP90 from keratinocytes and mast cells is a key regulator of psoriatic inflammation and HSP90 inhibitors may represent a novel therapeutic approach to the disease.