234 resultados para PSORIASIS


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This study was undertaken to investigate human leucocyte antigen (HLA) associations with benign migratory glossitis and psoriasis in Brazilian patients and particularly to determine whether benign migratory glossitis is also associated with HLA-Cw6, the classical association observed in psoriasis. The results showed a highly significant association of Cw6 with both psoriasis and benign migratory glossitis, with this antigen being present in 59.% of the patients with psoriasis, in 43.8% of the patients with benign migratory glossitis, and in only 12.6% of the controls. Other significant positive associations, although at a lower significance level, were with B13, both in psoriasis and in benign migratory glossitis, and with B17, only in psoriasis. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the association of Cw6 with benign migratory glossitis. We believe that this finding reinforces the concept of a pathogenetic relationship between benign migratory glossitis and psoriasis.

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BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin that affects patients of all ages and both genders. The impact of the disease on quality of life is greater among patients with moderate to severe psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: to establish a correlation between the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) and the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) based on a quality of life questionnaire adapted to the Brazilian context for patients with plaque psoriasis before and after systemic treatment. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study of psoriasis patients who did not undergo treatment or who manifested clinical activity of the disease. Patients were evaluated according to the PASI and the quality of life questionnaire adapted to the Brazilian context before and 60 days after systemic treatment. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients participated in the study. Twenty-six were men, with a mean age of 46 years. There was no correlation between the PASI and the quality of life questionnaire adapted to the Brazilian context, but there was a correlation between the PASI and some items of the quality of life questionnaire adapted to the Brazilian context, such as jobs involving public contact. CONCLUSION: The non-correlation between the PASI and the quality of life questionnaire adapted to the Brazilian context in this work may be associated with a history of chronic disease, which implies greater acceptance of the illness, or may be related to the low income and social status of the patients studied. The correlation observed among patients with careers involving public contact suggests that some professions are more impacted by the disease. It may be necessary to adapt the quality of life questionnaire to patients with a low income and cultural and social limitations. The small sample size (n=35 patients) and the short follow-up period of 60 days were some of the limitations of this work.

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Previous genetic and functional studies have implicated the human endogenous retrovirus K (HERV-K) dUTPase located within the PSORS1 locus in the major histocompatibility complex region as a candidate psoriasis gene. Here, we describe a variant discovery and case-control association study of HERV-K dUTPase variants in 708 psoriasis cases and 349 healthy controls. Five common HERV-K dUTPase variants were found to be highly associated with psoriasis, with the strongest association occurring at the missense single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs3134774 (K158R, P=3.28 x 10(-15), odds ratio = 2.36 (95% confidence interval: 1.91-2.92)). After adjusting the association of the HERV-K dUTPase variants for the potential confounding effects of HLA alleles associated with psoriasis, the HERV-K SNPs rs9264082 and rs3134774 remained significantly associated. Haplotype analysis revealed that HERV-K haplotypes containing the non-risk alleles for rs3134774 and rs9264082 significantly reduced the risk of psoriasis. Functional testing showed higher antibody responses against recombinant HERV-K dUTPase in psoriasis patients compared with controls (P<0.05), as well as higher T-cell responses against a single HERV-K dUTPase peptide (P<0.05). Our data support an independent role for the HERV-K dUTPase on psoriasis susceptibility, and suggest the need for additional studies to clarify the role of this dUTPase in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Journal of Investigative Dermatology (2012) 132, 1833-1840; doi:10.1038/jid.2012.69; published online 22 March 2012

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Although therapy with tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors (anti-TNF) provides beneficial effects in different immune inflammatory disorders, paradoxical cases of anti-THE-induced psoriasis have increasingly been reported, mostly in the setting of rheumatologic diseases. To date, less than 50 cases of infliximab-induced psoriasis in inflammatory bowel disease patients have been described. The present report was aimed at describing two new cases of infliximab-induced psoriasis during therapy for Crohn's disease and at carrying out a review on this intriguing phenomenon. (C) 2011 European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Background Infliximab and etarnecept are now widely used for treating severe psoriasis. However, these drugs, especially infliximab, increased the risk of tuberculosis reactivation. Surprisingly, epidemiological data suggest that the tuberculosis rate in patients taking infliximab in Sao Paulo State, Brazil, is similar to that of some developed, non-endemic countries. Objective The aim of this study was to better understand the effect of infliximab on Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) immune responses of psoriasis patients in an endemic setting (Brazil). Methods We evaluated the tuberculosis-specific immune responses of severe psoriasis patients and healthy individuals, both tuberculin skin test (TST) positive, in the presence/absence of infliximab. Patients had untreated severe psoriasis, no co-morbidities affecting the immune responses and a TST >10 mm. Healthy TST+ (>10 mm) individuals were evaluated in parallel. PBMC cultures from both groups were stimulated with different Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) antigens (ESAT-6, 85B and Mtb lysate) and phytohemagglutinin, with or without infliximab (5 mu g/mL). Parameters evaluated were TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma and IL-10 secretion by ELISA, overnight IFN-gamma ELISpot and lymphocyte proliferative response (LPR). Results Infliximab almost abolished TNF-alpha detection in PBMC supernatants of both groups. It also significantly reduced the LPR to phytohemagglutinin and the Mtb antigens as well as the IFN-gamma levels secreted into day 5 supernatants in both groups. There was no concomitant exaggerated IL-10 secretion that could account for the decreases in these responses. ELISpot showed that, contrasting with the central-memory responses above, infliximab did not affect effector-memory INF-gamma-releasing T-cell numbers. Conclusions Infliximab affected some, but not all aspects of the in vitro antituberculosis immune responses tested. The preserved effector-memory responses, putatively related to exposure to environmental mycobacteria, may help to explain the lower than expected susceptibility to tuberculosis reactivation in our setting. Received: 29 December 2010; Accepted: 9 March 2011

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Introduction: Anti-TNF-alfa therapy has been effective in the treatment of patients with refractory psoriasis and psoriasic arthritis. However, the risk of developing autoantibodies in these patients undergoing this therapy is not clear. Objective: To evaluate the induction of specific autoantibodies after anti-TNFα therapy in patients with psoriasis and psoriasic arthritis and, to evaluate the influence of the use of methotrexate on the values of autoantibodies developed during this therapy. Patients and methods: Serum samples from 120 patients, obtained before(baseline) the introduction of anti-TNF-alpha therapy and approximately each 3-6 months during the therapy.O f these 120 patients, 113 were found negative for autoantibodies before starting anti -TNFalpha therapy, 7 were found positive for ANA. The analysis included detection of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and anti-dsDNA antibodies (indirect immunofluorescence on Hep-2 cells and Crithidia luciliae, respectively); anti extractable nuclear antigens antibodies( ENA)(ELISA). RESULTS: Infliximab is associated with the highest occurrence rate of ANA, anti-dsDNA, ENA with approximately 69,2%, 11,5%, 7,6% of patients treated testing positive. In comparison, only 20%, 6,6%, 2,2% of patients treated with Adalimumab, and 19%, 2,3%, 2,3% of patients treated with Etanercept were positive for ANA, Anti-dsDNA, ENA respectively. As regard the seven patients who were positive at baseline, six of them (85.7%) in addition to being remained positive during the therapy they have also increased the autoantibodies ’s titers. Conclusion: our study have shown that Infliximab is associated with the highest rate of autoantibodies. The concomitant treatment with methotrexate did not modify the titers of autoantibodies developed during the therapy anti-TNFalph. The incidence of ANA, anti-dsDNA antibodies did not correlate with development of Lupus-like syndromes. The difference in the frequency of autoantibodies between psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis was not statistically significant (p = 0.867).

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Patients with moderate to severe psoriasis are undertreated. To solve this persistent problem, the consensus programme was performed to define goals for treatment of plaque psoriasis with systemic therapy and to improve patient care. An expert consensus meeting and a collaborative Delphi procedure were carried out. Nineteen dermatologists from different European countries met for a face-to-face discussion and defined items through a four-round Delphi process. Severity of plaque psoriasis was graded into mild and moderate to severe disease. Mild disease was defined as body surface area (BSA) ≤10 and psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) ≤10 and dermatology life quality index (DLQI) ≤10 and moderate to severe psoriasis as (BSA > 10 or PASI > 10) and DLQI > 10. Special clinical situations may change mild psoriasis to moderate to severe including involvement of visible areas or severe nail involvement. For systemic therapy of plaque psoriasis two treatment phases were defined: (1) induction phase as the treatment period until week 16; however, depending on the type of drug and dose regimen used, this phase may be extended until week 24 and (2) maintenance phase for all drugs was defined as the treatment period after the induction phase. For the definition of treatment goals in plaque psoriasis, the change of PASI from baseline until the time of evaluation (ΔPASI) and the absolute DLQI were used. After induction and during maintenance therapy, treatment can be continued if reduction in PASI is ≥75%. The treatment regimen should be modified if improvement of PASI is <50%. In a situation where the therapeutic response improved ≥50% but <75%, as assessed by PASI, therapy should be modified if the DLQI is >5 but can be continued if the DLQI is ≤5. This programme defines the severity of plaque psoriasis for the first time using a formal consensus of 19 European experts. In addition, treatment goals for moderate to severe disease were established. Implementation of treatment goals in the daily management of psoriasis will improve patient care and mitigate the problem of undertreatment. It is planned to evaluate the implementation of these treatment goals in a subsequent programme involving patients and physicians.

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Corticosteroids are a versatile option for the treatment of mild-to-moderate psoriasis due to their availability in a wide range of potencies and formulations. Occlusion of the corticosteroid is a widely accepted procedure to enhance the penetration of the medication, thereby improving its effectiveness. Betamethasone valerate (BMV) is a moderately potent corticosteroid that is available as a cream, ointment, and lotion. A ready-to-use occlusive dressing, which provides a continuous sustained release of BMV, has been developed for the treatment of psoriasis.

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Generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) is a severe inflammatory disease characterized by recurrent eruptions of sterile pustules on erythematous skin. Although tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists may lead to a rapid resolution of GPP, the mechanism of action of these agents remains to be investigated. Here, we sought to evaluate markers of immune response in the skin of a patient who experienced a rapid amelioration of GPP after treatment with infliximab and acitretin.

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Several studies have proven the efficacy of pulsed dye laser (PDL) in the treatment of plaque type psoriasis. However, only two published studies indicate the effectiveness of PDL on nail psoriasis.

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BACKGROUND: Efalizumab is a human anti-CD11a monoclonal antibody used in the treatment of patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Some of the patients develop new papular lesions during treatment, which are predominantly located in the flexural regions. OBSERVATION: Four patients with recalcitrant psoriasis undergoing treatment with efalizumab presented with erythematous, partly scaly papules and small plaques on previously unaffected areas after 4 to 10 weeks of efalizumab therapy. Tissue sections of biopsy specimens were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, and immunohistochemical staining was performed using monoclonal antibodies against CD3, CD4, CD8, T-cell-restricted intracellular antigen 1, granzyme B, neutrophil elastase, CD68, CD1a, CD11c, HLA-DR, CD25, CD20, and CD56. Histopathological and immunohistochemical examination of the lesions showed features consistent with psoriasis and activation of various leukocyte subtypes including T cells, dendritic cells, macrophages, and neutrophils. CONCLUSIONS: Papular eruptions appearing during efalizumab therapy represent new psoriatic lesions and could be referred to as efalizumab-associated papular psoriasis (EAPP). They usually do not necessitate termination of efalizumab therapy and may optionally be treated with topical corticosteroids. Dermatologists should be aware of these lesions and inform their patients accordingly.