6 resultados para Gastroenterite

em Reposit��rio Institucional UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista "Julio de Mesquita Filho"


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No presente estudo, ajustou-se um modelo de regressão logística para prever a probabilidade de óbito de cães acometidos por gastroenterite hemorrágica. O modelo Logístico é recomendado para variáveis-resposta dicotômicas em estudo de Coorte. Registraram-se 176 animais censitariamente atendidos com gastroenterite hemorrágica em quatro clínicas veterinárias da cidade de Lavras, sul de Minas Gerais, entre os anos de 1992 e 1999. Após terem sido selecionadas por meio do teste de Pearson ou teste exato de Fisher, ajustou-se o modelo considerando-se as variáveis sexo, idade, diárias de internação e número de atendimentos. A estimação dos parâmetros foi feita pelo método da máxima verossimilhança. Conclui-se que quando os cães acometidos por gastroenterite hemorrágica são atendidos apenas uma vez, aqueles com idade superior a 6 meses possuem 15,45 vezes mais chances de morrerem (P<0,05) do que aqueles com menos de 6 meses de idade. Quando os animais que apresentam a enfermidade possuem mais de 6 meses de idade, a chance de morrerem, se forem atendidos apenas uma vez, é 20,251 vezes maior (P<0,05) do que se recebessem de 2 a 7 atendimentos.

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Pós-graduação em Cirurgia Veterinária - FCAV

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Milk is considered a nutritionally complete food but it is also an excellent substrate for microbial growth. Therefore, it may pose a risk to consumers’ health. The aim of this study was to collect data on the occurrence of gastroenteritis outbreaks caused by the intake of milk and dairy products in the state of São Paulo, from 2000 to 2010. The data were collected from the records on foodborne illness outbreaks kept by the Division of Waterborne and Foodborne Diseases of the Center for Epidemiological Surveillance of the Department of Health of the State of São Paulo. A total of 239 outbreaks were notifi ed. They involved 2.418 cases related to the consumption of dairy products during the study period. The etiological agents were identifi ed in 79 outbreaks (33.0%). They were mostly bacteria (84.8%), especially Staphylococcus aureus. Most outbreaks occurred at home (59.4%) and during the months of January (14.2%) and July (12.5%). Most (24.1%) of the affected individuals aged 20 to 49 years. The results shows the need of better manufacturing and handling practices, as well as increasing the awareness of the population and relevant agencies about the importance of notifying cases and implementing preventive measures to ensure food safety.

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Pós-graduação em Medicina Veterinária - FMVZ

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Pós-graduação em Aquicultura - FCAV

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The present study evaluated the liver with homogeneous parenchyma in dogs, with diffuse reduced echogenicity (G1), increased echogenicity (G2) and normal echogenicity (G3) by ultrasound examination associating the findings on animal profile, liver size and hematology and biochemistry results. Blood samples obtained by cephalic or jugular venipunture were submitted for hemogram and ALT, ALP, total proteins, albumin, globulin, urea and creatinine analysis. Among the 30 dogs in G1, 30 (100%) presented portal venous and gall bladder wall clarity, 23 (76.67%) presented normal liver size and edges, 15 (50%) were from 1 to 6 years old and 8 (26.67%) belonged to the lhasa apso breed. No predispositions were found according to gender, as well as no significant alterations in biochemical and hematological exams were observed in G1. The most prevalent disease found in this group was gastroenteritis (43.33%). Among the 30 dogs in G2, 27 (90%) presented hepatomegaly and rounded hepatic edges, 18 (60%) were over 9 years old, 16 (53.33%) were female and 9 (30%) belonged to the poodle breed. The laboratorial findings related to this group were increased ALT and ALP serum activity, decreased levels of total protein, albumin, globulin, erythrocytes and hematocrit, as well as leukocytosis with neutrophilia and a left shift, eosinopenia, lymphopenia and monocytosis. The most prevalent diseases found in this group were metabolic disorders (54%), such as diabetes mellitus and hyperadrenocorticism, and chronic hepatopathies (17%) due to prolonged and continuous use of corticoid and anticonvulsive drugs. Among the 30 dogs in the control group (G3), normal liver size and edges were presented in 22 (73.33%). In this group, no alterations were seen in laboratorial exams.